Detroit Mercy Law Print Journal

This student-led organization publishes four issues a year and hosts an annual symposium in the spring to discuss topics of developing legal significance and scholarly debate. To obtain a copy of the print journal, please visit our contact page.

Recent Issue

Volume 96 Issue 1


Sanctuary, Temporary Protected Status, and Catholic Social Teaching
     by Kristina M. Campbell

Detained Without Due Process: When Does it End?
     by Elizabeth Knowles

From Liberal States Rights Litigation to Liberal States’ Rights DiscourseStudy of State Oppositional Strategies to the ACA and Federal Immigration Laws 
by Illaria Di Gioia

A Chameleon in The Courts – The Fallacy of “Intra-Circuit Acquiescence” in Temporary Protected Status Jurisprudence: Time for Uniformity to Address the Plight of Disaster-Induced Displacement for Migrant Groups in the United States. 
     by Glenys P. Spence, J.D. LL.M.

Forthcoming Articles

Volume 96 Issue 2


A Multi-layered Approach to Strengthening Michigan’s School System and Reducing Expulsion Rates
     by Kaitlyn Mardeusz

The “Muslim Ban” and the Constitutional Crisis
     by Ryan M. Mardini

Redefining the Reasonable Person in Police Encounters: The Impact of the Mainstream News Media’s Portrayal of Modern Police Conduct
     by Taurus Myhand

The Invisible Hands of Structural Racism in Housing: Our Hands, Our Responsibility
     by Palma Joy Strand

Quo Warranto: The Structure and Strength of a Common Law Antitrust Remedy
     by Benjamin Woodring

Volume 96 Issue 3


Rethinking the Future of Civil Asset Forfeiture in Michigan: The Impact of an Evidentiary Standard
     by Meghan Berkery

Reforming Michigan’s Third Grade Reading Law
     by Jessica Finegan

Fostering Second Amendment Rights: An Evaluation of Foster Parents’ Right to Bear Arms
     by Sean Murphy

Character: The Unacknowledged Element in Shifting the Burden of Proof in a Will Contest
     by Elizabeth Siefker

A Secret in the Suburbs: The First Federal Criminalization of Female Genital Mutilation
     by Michelle Shember

Russia and the United States: The Terrorist Extradition Supplement
     by Danil Vishniakov

Past Issues

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    Volume 95

    Volume 95 Issue 1

    — Fall 2017 —


    Contemporary Teaching Strategies: Effectively Engaging Millennials Across the Curriculum
         by Renee Nicole Allen & Alicia R. Jackson

    Embodied Legal Education: Incorporating Another Part of Bloom’s Taxonomy
         by Susan P. Liemer

    Planning Your Class to Take Advantage of Highly Effective Learning Techniques
         by James McGrath

    Coordinating Formative Assessment Across the Curriculum: A View from the Associate Dean’s Desk
         by Sandra L. Simpson

    Volume 95 Issue 2

    — Winter 2017 —


    If You Give a Mouse a Cookie: Increasing Assessments and Individualized Feedback in Law School Classes
         by Karen McDonald Henning & Julia Belian

    Creating Desirable Difficulties: Strategies for Reshaping Teaching and Learning in the Law School Classroom
         by Elizabeth M. Bloom

    Unrealized Potential: How Shifting the Focus to Student Learning Outcomes Could Reduce Law Student Distress
         by Abigail Loftus DeBlasis & Elizabeth Adamo Usman

    The Assessment Mandates in the ABA Accreditation Standards and Their Impact on Individual Academic Freedom Rights
         by Victoria L. VanZandt

    Volume 95 Issue 3

    - Spring 2018 -


    Introduction to the Symposium on Sanctuary Cities: A Brief Review of the Legal Landscape 
         by Andrew Moore

    Using a Case-Progression Approach to Mapping Learning Outcomes and Developing Assessments
         by Jeanette Buttrey, Laura Dannebohm, Vickie Eggers, Joni Larson, Mable Martin-Scott & Kimberly E. O’Leary

    The Rubric Meets the Road in Law Schools: Program Assessment of Student Learning Outcomes as a Fundamental Way for Law Schools to Improve and Fulfill Their Respective Missions
         by Marie Summerlin Hamm, Benjamin V. Madison, III & Ryan P. Murnane

    Can We Talk? Organizing Program Level Assessment to Foster Dialog About Student Learning
         by Docia L. Rudley

    Suppose the Class Began the Day the Case Walked in the Door: Accepting Standard 314’s Invitation to Imagine a More Powerful, Professionally Authentic First-Year Learning Experience
    by Jennifer E. Spreng

    Volume 95 Issue 4

    - Summer 2018 - 


    An Accurate Taxation Scheme for Bitcoin
         by Michael Pereira

    Preventing Predatory Practices: Indirect Auto Lending in the Motor City
    by Jennifer Pope

    The Good Faith Doctrine: A Positive Duty to Disclose Would Protect the Reasonable Expectations of Parties During Contract Performance
         by Matthew Tapia

    Protecting Justice: Juveniles and the Coercive Environment of Police Interrogations
    by Sam Yousif


    Volume 94

    Volume 94 Issue 1

    —Winter 2017—


    Reconceptualizing “For Public Use” in the Aftermath of Horne v. Department of Agriculture
         by Joshua Brian Lanphear

    Leadership in Online “Non-Traditional” Legal Education: Lessons Learned & Questions Raised 
         by Lawrence E. Singer


    The Fourth Amendment Shall Prevail, Come Heller High Water
         by Nadia Maraachli

    Same-sex Adoption in the Wake of Obergefell: How Recent Michigan Legislation Runs Counter to the First Amendment Rights of Prospective Adoptive Parents 
         by Sandra L. Simpson

    How to Slay the Hydra: Adopting Charles Alan Wright’s “The Law of Remedies as a Social Institution” as a Framework for Preventing Data Breaches 
         by Tanya Murray

    Flying Through the Loopholes: The Need for Drone Legislation in Michigan 
         by Ryan J. VanOver

    Volume 94 Issue 2

    — Spring 2017 —


    Redundant Amendments: What the Constitution Says When It Repeats Itself
         by Robert M. Black


    The Demise of Finality for Michigan’s Children: Sanders, Hatcher, and Collateral Attacks
         by Erin Reisig Cobane

    Michigan’s Elective Share: An EPIC Failure
         by LeighAnna C. Cunningham

    Torturing Mentally Ill and Juvenile Prisoners: An Examination of Michigan’s Administrative Segregation Policies
         by Zachary R. Morgan

    Functional Claiming of Inventions and Related Issues of Indefiniteness
         by James D. Stevens Jr.

    Volume 94 Issue 3

    — Summer 2017 —
    This volume is dedicated to our Impact of Formative Assessment Symposium which was held on March 3, 2017.  The Symposium contemplated how the American Bar Association’s emphasis on outcome measuresin its revised Standards for Approval will affect law students’ educational experience.


    Formative Assessments: A Law School Case Study
         by Ruth Colker, Ellen Deason, Deborah Merritt, Abigail Shoben & Month Smith

    Should You Bother Reaching Out? Performance Effects of Early Direct Outreach to Low-Performing Students
         by David M. Siegel

    Formative Peer Review: Promoting Interactive, Reflective Learning, or the Blind Leading the Blind?
         by Andrew Noble


    Vacating an Arbitration Award in Federal Court: The Jurisdictional Issues of the “Look Through” Approach and Arbitrators Violating Securities SRO Regulations
         by Kory Steen


    Volume 93

    Volume 93 Issue 2

    The Great Lakes Symposium Issue 

    Shoring up the Shore: The Value and Vulnerability of the Traditional Public Trust Doctrine 
         by Alexis Andiman

    Protecting the Great Lakes: The Allure and Limitations of the Public Trust Doctrine 
         by James L. Huffman

    Microplastic Pollution in the Great Lakes: State, Federal, and Common Law Solutions 
         by Nicholas J. Schroeck

    Try Not to Give up the Ship! The Abandoned Shipwreck Act of 1987 and its Effect on Great Lakes Shipwrecks 
         by Trevor Hass

    Not a Huge Fan: Deterring the Implementation of Wind Turbines in the Great Lakes 
         by Hannah Treppa


    Volume 92

    Volume 92 Issue 1

    — Winter 2015 —


    The Dangers of Using Social Media in the Legal Profession: An Ethical Examination in Professional Responsibility
         by Elizabeth Colvin

    Free Exercise for Whom? — Could the Religious-Liberty Principle that Catholics Established in Perez v. Sharp also Protect Same-Sex Couples’ Right to Marry?
         by Erian Alan Isaacson


    Agree to Disagree: The Circuit Split on the Definition of “Arbitration” 
         by Daniel Burkhart

    Volume 92 Issue 2

    — Spring 2015 —


    A Game Changer: Assessing the Impact of Princeton/UCLA Laptop Study on the Debate to Ban Law Student Use of Laptops During Classb
         by Steven Eisenstat

    Armed Attacks in Cyberspace: The Unseen Threat to Peace and Security that Redefines the Law of State Responsibility 
         by Nicolas Jupillat


    The Law Catching Up with the Evolution of Cell Phones: Warrantless Searches of a Cell Phone are Unconstitutional Under the Fourth Amendment 
         by Adrianna Patrina Agosta

    The Flap with No Fly – Does the No Fly List Violate Privacy and Due Process Constitutional Protections? 
         by Dan Lowe


    Volume 91

    Volume 91 Issue 1

    — Winter 2014 —


    The Constitution Commands It: Legislative Power in a Commission’s World 
         by Murray A. Duncan III


    Internet Use and Sex Crimes Convicts: Preserving the First Amendment Rights of Sexual Offenders Through the Framework of United States v. Albertson 
         by Ariana Deskins

    The Aftermath of Christopher v. SmithKline Beecham Corp.: The Battle Between Deference and Notice and the Guidance of Michigan Jurisprudence 
         by Ivory Perkins


    You Have the Right to Remain Vigilant: Law Enforcement Officers’ Unconstitutional Responses to Being Recorded
         by Matthew Aulin Crist

    Volume 91 Issue 2

    — Spring 2014 —


    Inextricably Entwined: Tools Allowed to Facilitate Free Speech 
         by Nathaniel Vargas Gallegos


    Life’s Good … Or Is It? A Note Examining The Circuit Split That May Be Negatively Affecting Your Telecommunications Service and Pockets 
         by Noor Toma

    A Lack of Transparency: How the FEC Made a Mandatory Election Spending Disclosure Scheme Voluntary 
         by Patrick Walbridge

    Volume 91 Issue 3

    — Fall 2014 —


    Green Thumbs in the City: Incentivizing Urban Agriculture on Unoccupied Detroit Public School District Land
         by Lynn Bartkowiak Scholander

    Why Urban Agriculture can be Controversial: Exploring the Cultural Association of Urban Agriculture with Backwardness, Race, Gender, and Poverty
         by Jaime Bouvier

    Urban Food Corridors: Cultivating Sustainable Cities
         by Becky L. Jacobs

    From Vacant Lots to Full Pantries: Urban Agriculture Programs and the American City 
         by Jessica Owley & Tonya Lewis

    Community-Based Urban Agriculture as Affirmative Environmental Justice 
         by Anastasia Telesetsky

    Distressed Cities and Urban Farming: Are We Making a Mountain Out of a Molehill?
         by Peter Wendell

    Medieval Roots, Modern Fruits: Transforming Privately-Owned Abandoned Properties into Community Spaces
         by Becky Lundberg Witt, Esq. 


    Cultivating Capital: A Look at the Issues Affecting Urban Farms as a Business and How New Innovative Policy Changes at the Federal and State Level Will Impact the Financial Sustainability of Urban Farms 
         by William Semaan

    Take a Walk Through the Cities’ Gardens: Comparing Detroit’s New Urban Agriculture Zoning Ordinance to Others of its Kind
         by Chelsea Smialek


    Volume 90

    Volume 90 Issue 1

    — Fall 2012 —


    Protecting the Crowd and Raising Capital Through CROWDFUND Act 
         by Andrew C. Fink

    The Questionable Effect of Informal and Instantaneous Electronic Communications on the Validity of “No Oral Modification” Clauses: Are Texts, Tweets, and Email Destroying the Sanctity of Contract Law?
         by Diana Ovsepian


    Some Thoughts for Animal Lovers (and First Amendment Afficionados) in the Wake of U.S. v. Stevens 
         by Jessica Bond

    The Death Penalty for Mentally Ill Offenders: Atkins, Roper, and Mitigation Factors to Militate Against Categorical Exemption 
         by Joseph Hess

    The New Frontier of Healthcare: Accountable Care Organizations & the Changing Interplay Among Quality, Cost and Peer Review 
         by John F. Price III

    Widening the Gap Between Rich and Poor: Issues and Recommendations for the Implementation of Michigan’s Medicaid Estate Recovery Law 
         by Alexandra Smith

    Volume 90 Issue 2

    — Winter 2013 —


    Expansion of the Katz Reasonable Expectation of Privacy Test Is Necessary to Perpetuate a Majoritarian View of the Reasonable Expectation of Privacy in Electronic Communications to Third Parties 
         by Samantha Arrington


    A Civil Prison — Fear or Reason? Unbiased Reform of Involuntary Commitment Proceedings for Non-Criminals Admitted into Mental Facilities 
         by Renee Gruber

    Pay-if-Paid Clauses: A Note Demonstrating the Effect of Contingent Payment Clauses as a Clear Violation of the Michigan Construction Lien Act 
         by Nicole M. Simone


    Why the Michigan Supreme Court in Saurman was Wrong to Grant MERS the Authority to Foreclose by Advertisement in Michigan
         by Lawrence J. Opalewski, Jr.

    Volume 90 Issue 3

    — Fall 2013 —


    Are We Removing Citizens? The Contentious Legal Issue Surrounding the Interpretation of the Former Derivative Citizenship Statute and Why Lawful Permanent Resident Status Is Not Required 
         by Christopher Dutot


    Volume 89

    Volume 89 Issue 1

    — Fall 2011 —


    Adverse Possession, Takings, and the State
         by William C. Marra

    Title II and High School Athletics Age Limits: Individualized Assessments for Student-Athletes with Disabilities After PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin
         by Jeffrey Mongiello


    Eminent Domain: Detroit’s Struggle to Downsize 
         by Peter J. Domas

    Taking a Heavy Toll: The Constitutional Implications of Prohibiting Equitable Tolling in Cases of Actual Innocence 
         by Anthony Roby


    Getting into the Hot Tub: How the United States Could Benefit from Australia’s Concept of “Hot Tubbing” Expert Witnesses
         by Elizabeth Reifert

    Miranda Version 2.0: Upgrading American Criminal Procedure by Utilizing a Two-Fold Approach to Facilitating the Electronic Recording of Custodial Interrogations 
         by Stephen E. Saguta

    Volume 89 Issue 2

    — Winter 2012 —


    Trademark Infringement Rules in Google Keyword Advertising 
         by Kitsuron Sangsuvan


    Growing in the D: Revising Current Laws to Promote a Model of Sustainable City Agriculture 
         by Melanie J. Duda

    Frustrating Commerce: The Negative Effect of Penrod on the Economy and the Automobile Industry 
         by Justin T. Evans

    Clearing the Regulatory Hurdles and Promoting Offshore Wind Development in Michigan 
         by Ashlyn N. Mausolf


    Child Abuse is Color Blind: Why the Involuntary Termination of Parental Rights Provision of the Indian Child Welfare Act Should Be Reformed 
         by Ashley E. Brennan

    Volume 89 Issue 3

    — Spring 2012 —


    Why Arizona Senate Bill 1070 is Constitutional and not Preempted by Federal Law
         by Calvin L. Lewis, David Strange, and Michael Blake Downey

    The Ethical Dilemma of Local Ordinances that Purport to Deport Illegal Aliens 
         by Lawrence S. Ruddell, Walter T. Champion, and Danyahel Norris


    Neglecting Due Process Rights of Immigrants in the Southwest United States: A Critique of Operation Streamline
         by Katharine Brink


    Pocketing a Pretty Penny: Sexual Victimization, Human Rights, and Private Contractors in the U.S. Immigration Detention System
         by Grace Trueman

    Volume 89 Issue 4

    —Summer 2012—
    This volume is dedicated to our Third Annual Symposium on the Future of Intellectual Property.


    The Future of International Intellectual Property: Remembering the Past 
         by Myra J. Tawfik

    Intellectual Property: ‘Bargain’ or Not?
         by David Vaver


    Who is Swimming in Your Gene Pool? Harmonizing the International Pattern of Gene Patentability to Benefit Patient Care and the Biotechnology Industry 
         by Shannon K. Murphy

    McElroy Lecture

    Child Sex Abuse in Institutional Settings: What Is Next
         by Marci A. Hamilton


    Volume 88

    Volume 88 Issue 1

    — Fall 2010 —


    Unraveling International Jurisdictional Issues on the World Wide Web
         by Derek J. Illar, Esq. 

    The Openness of the Commercial Free Speech Test and the Value of Self-Realization 
         by R. George Wright


    Piercing the Veil of Secrecy: The Impact of the Child Protection Law on the Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse 
         by Lisa Koverbo


    Pleasant Grove City v. Summum: How Establishment Clause Principles Help Define the Government Speech Doctrine 
         by James Bernstein

    An Extreme Makeover: Why Michigan’s Judicial Recusal Standards Needed Reconstruction and Why More Work Remains to Be Done 
         by Aaron D. Hanke

    The “Making Available” Theory and the Future of P2P Networks: Does Merely Making Files Available for Further Distribution Constitute Copyright Infringement, and is it Time for Congress to Act in Accordance with this Technology?
         by Andrew James McGarrow

    Volume 88 Issue 2

    — Winter 2010 —


    A Loss for Words: “Religion” in the First Amendment 
         by Mason Blake Binkley

    Cyberharassment, Sexting and Other High-Tech Offenses Involving Michigan Residents – Are We Victims or Criminals?
         by Patrick E. Corbett

    You Can’t Say That, Or Maybe You Can: An Analysis of Michigan Prosecutor Closing Argument Law 
         by Anthony Flores

    Protecting Statements in Catholic Tribunal Proceedings Under the Priest-Pentitent Privilege: Cimijotti v. Paulsen Considered 
         by Chad G. Marzen


    Considering the Totality of the Circumstances for Asylum Applicants: Why the Bars to Asylum are in Desperate Need of Reform 
         by Kyle Michael Butler

    Looking for the Best Interests of the Child in Custody Disputes Between a Natural Parent and a Third Party in Michigan 
         by William Link


    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Efforts of the Mentally Ill to Achieve Equal and Adequate Health Coverage
         by Amanda Clark

    United States Farm Bill — An Antiquated Policy?
         by Sarah Harwood


    Volume 88 Issue 3

    — Spring 2011 —

    McElroy Lecture

    Sex, Atheism, and the Free Exercise of Religion 
         by Douglas Laycock


    The Last Common Law Justice: The Personal Jurisdiction Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens 
         by Roger D. Citron

    Ancient Laws, Yet Strangely Modern: Biblical Contract and Tort Jurisprudence 
         by Richard H. Hiers

    PROCEDAMUS IN PACE: Serving Justice: RLUIPA Resonates the Teachings of Dignitatis Humanae, and the Third Circuit’s “Substantial Burden” Test Provides a Thorough, Fair Inquiry into a Prisoner’s Religious Exercise 
         by Victor N. Metallo

    After Review: An Open Letter to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell Suggesting that Limiting the League’s Disciplinary Power Under the Personal Conduct Policy May Be in the League’s Best Interests
         by Logan O’Shaughnessy


    Student Athletes and the Deprivation of Rights of Privacy and Publicity – Are Fantasy Sports Leagues Infringing Upon the Rights of College Athletes? If so, What Consitutes a Viable Solution?
         by Leah M. Chamberlin

    Michigan’s Wine Shipping Restrictions: A Valid Use of Twenty-first Amendment Control or Slight of Hand Legislation Discriminating Against the Free Market?
         by Todd Shepard


    Steering Clear of the Inevitable Disclosure Doctrine: Placing the Burden Where It Belongs 
         by Daniel Hegner

    Creating Property Rights out of Whole Cloth: Judicial Activists Beware, Section 560.221 of the Michigan Land Division Act is not a License to Create Otherwise Non-Existent Property Rights 
         by Adam M. Wenner

    Volume 88 Issue 4

    — Summer 2011 —
    This volume is dedicated to our Symposium celebrating the anniversary of Justice Thomas’s
    twenty years on the Supreme Court.


    The Next Constitutional Revolution 
         by Richard Albert

    The Loudness of Justice Thomas 
         by J. Richard Broughton

    Justice Thomas, Race, and the Constitution Through the Lens of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois
         by Jonathan L. Entin

    Clarence Thomas’s Originalist Understanding of the Interstate, Negative, and Indian Commerce Clauses
         by Ralph A. Rossum

    Rights Behind Bars: The Distinctive Viewpoint of Justice Clarence Thomas 
         by Christopher E. Smith

    The Most Faithful Originalist?: Justice Thomas, Justice Scalia, and the Future of Originalism 
         by Lee J. Strang

    Limiting Judges: Placing Limits on Judges’ Power in Hard-look Review 
         by Toby Coleman


    Volume 87

    Volume 87 Issue 1

    — Fall 2009 —

    Case Digests

    Constitutional Law – Double Jeopardy

    Convictions and Punishments for Compound Offenses May Be Permissible Under the “Multiple Punishments” Protection If Statutory Elements Differ for a First-Degree Felony and Predicate Offense. People v. Ream, 750 N.W.2d 536 (Mich. 2008). 
         by Jennifer Dukarski

    Constitutional Interpretation – Same-Sex Marriage
    The Marriage Amendment to the State of Michigan Constitution Precludes Public Employers from Extending Health Insurance Benefits to Same-Sex Domestic Partners.  National Pride at Work, Inc. v. Governor of Michigan, 748 N.W. 2d 524 (Mich. 2008). 
         by Renee Hindo

    Criminal Law – Departure from Sentencing Guidelines
    A Trial Court Abuses Its Discretion in Departing from Sentencing Guidelines If the Sentences Are Not Proportionate to the Offense and the Offender.  People v. Smith, 754 N.W.2d 284 (Mich. 2008).
         by Lisa Koverko

    Constitutional Law – Eminent Domain
    The Exclusion of General Effects Damages Is Constitutional and Does Not Offend the Principles of Just Compensation from a Taking.  Michigan Department of Transportation v. Tomkins, 749 N.W.2d 176 (Mich. 2008). 
         by Chase Kubica

    Taxation – Property Tax Exemptions for Charitable Purposes
    In Michigan, a Charitable Institution Renting Property to Low-Income Individuals and Families for Charitable Purposes Does Not Qualify for a Property Tax Exemption.  Liberty Hill Housing Corporation v. City of Livonia, 746 N.W.2d 282 (Mich. 2008). 
         by Joslyn R. Muller

    Tort Law – Landlord’s Premises Duty
    The Accumulation of Snow and Ice Does Not Necessarily Render a Common Area Unfit for Its Intended Purpose Despite the Danger the Snow May Present.  Allison v. AEW Capital Management 751 N.W.2d 8 (Mich. 2008). 
         by Chris Parton

    Constitutional Law – Equal Protection
    The Michigan Supreme Court Has Refused to Disturb Michigan’s Dower Statutes from Their Unique Status. In re Miltenberger, 753 N.W.2d 219 (Mich. 2008). 
         by Krista Pfautz

    Constitutional Law
    The Ministerial Exception Exists in Michigan as a Valid Defense in Employment Discrimination Suits. Weishuhn v. Catholic Diocese of Lansing, 756 N.W.2d 483 (Mich. Ct. App. 2008).
         by Sara Prose

    Constitutional Law – Freedom of Information Act
    Information Is Exempt Under the Privacy Exemption Clause of the FOIA If the Information of a Personal Nature and Disclosure Would Constitute a Clearly Unwarranted Invasion into the Individual’s Private Life.  Michigan Federation of Teachers & School Related Personnel, AFT, AFL-CIO v. University of Michigan, 753 N.W.2d 28 (Mich. 2008).
         by Melissa Seaman

    Statutory Interpretation – Standard of Review
    In Michigan, Boyer-Campbell Provides the Proper Standard of Review for an Administrative Agency’s Interpretation of a Statute.  SBC Michigan v. Public Service Commission, 754 N.W.2d 259 (Mich. 2008).  
         by Melissa A. Stamkos

    Volume 87 Issue 2

    — Winter 2010 —


    A Felon Deliberates: Policy Implications of the Michigan Supreme Court’s Holding in People v. Miller
         by James M. Binnall

    The “Seller-friendly” Approach to MAC Clause Analysis Should Be Replaced by a “Reality-friendly” Approach
         by Molly Brooks

    Arizona v. Gant: The Supreme Court Gets It Right (Almost)
         by Michael Goodin

    Redirecting the Scope of First-Year Writing Courses: Toward a New Paradigm of Teaching Legal Writing
         by Soma R. Kedia

    An Alternative Justification for the Perjury Trap Defense
         by Jon Reidy, Michael J. Stephan, Shane Pennington, Guha Krishnamurthi

    Shareholder Bylaw Proposals, Delaware Certification, and the SEC After CA, Inc. v. AFSCME Employees Pension Plan
         by Matthew F. Sullivan


    Connecticut’s Class Divide: Sexual Orientation as a Quasi-Suspect Class
         by Renee T. Hindo

    Dean v. Utica Community Schools: A Significant Victory for the Student Press Community and a Potential Guiding Force to the Reexamination of the Hazelwood Holding 
         by Sara Prose


    The Sexual Predator’s Scarlet Letter Under the Federal Rules of Evidence 413, 414, and 415: The Moral Implication of the Stigma Created and the Attempt to Balance by Weighing for Prejudice
         by Jennifer Dukarski

    Dressing for Work Is Work: Compensating Employees Under the Fair Labor Standards Act for Donning and Doffing Protective Gear
         by James Watts

    Volume 87 Issue 3

    — Spring 2010 —


    Recurring Concerns in Arbitration Proceedings: Examining the Contours of Arbitral Subpoenas Issued to Nonparty Witnesses
         by Danielle C. Beasley

    Dormant Commerce Clause Challenges to the Michigan Business Tax
         by Christopher J. Enge

    Warrantless Entries and Searches Under Exigent Circumstances: Why Are They Justified and What Types of Circumstances Are Considered Exigent? 
         by John Mark Huff

    Selling Ourselves into Slavery: An Originalist Defense of Tacit Substantive Limits to the Article V Amendment Process and the Double-Entendre of Unalienable
         by Landon W. Magnusson

    Citizens United, Austin, and the Unconstitutionality of MCL Section 169.254(1)
         by Hon. Daniel P. Ryan


    Should the Orphans Be Released?
         by Melissa A. Stamkos


    Scott’s Guardian: A Critical Analysis of Departure Sentences in Michigan After People v. Smith 
    by Patrick Lannen

    Locking the Backdoor: Revised MRE 703 and Its Realized Impact on Bases of Expert Testimony
         by Laura F. Levine

    Haven’t Women Obtained Equality? An Analysis of the Constitutionality of Dower in Michigan
         by Joslyn R. Muller

    Volume 87 Issue 4

    — Summer 2010 —
    This volume is dedicated to our Symposium on The Future of Michigan No-Fault Auto Insurance.

    McElroy Lecture

    Natural Rights, Popular Sovereignty, and Covenant Politics: Johannes Althusius and the Dutch Revolt and Republic
         by John Witte, Jr.


    The Fall, Rise, and Uncertain Future of the No-Fault Act’s One-Year-Back Limitation on Recovery of Benefits
         by James G. Gross
    The Foundations and Enactment of Michigan Automobile No-Fault Insurance
         by James T. Mellon & David A. Kowalski
    Let’s Get Serious: A View of the Serious Impairment Threshold from a Defense Prospective
         by Daniel R. Siefer, esq. & Mary T. Nemeth, esq. 


    United States Fidelity Insurance & Guaranty Co. v. Michigan Catastrophic Claims Association: Oh Ye State Legislature, Hear the Cries of Michigan Motorists; The State Supreme Court Adds to the List of No-Fault Areas in Need of Reform!
         by Shaun Springer

    Volume 86

    Volume 86 Issue 1

    — Fall 2008 —

    Case Digests

    Employment Law – Rights and Liabilities as to Third Parties
    Employer Not Vicariously Liable for Rape of Female Security Guard by Employee when the Rape was not Foreseeable to the Employer Due to the Employee’s Lack of Criminal Record or Past Criminal Behavior, Brown v. Brown, 739 N.W.2d 313 (Mich. 2007).
         by Danielle Asaad

    Insurance Law – Discovery of Medical Information 
    The Trial Court Abused Its Discretion when Imposing Conditions on a Mandatory Medical Examination Beyond Those Established in the Insurance Policy and the Michigan No-Fault Act.  Muci v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company, 732 N.W.2d 88 (Mich. 2007).
         by Vichit Chea

    Constitutional Law – Doctrine of Standing
    Despite Statutory Law to the Contrary, Taxpayers Lack Standing in a Suit Against Their Public School District for an Alleged Illegal Use of Public Funds, Rohde v. Ann Arbor Public Schools, 737 N.W.2d 158 (Mich. 2007). 
         by Sara N. D’Agostini

    Tort Law – Governmental Immunity
    A Design Defect Claim is Not Cognizable Under the Public Building Exception to Governmental Immunity Under Section 691.1406 of the Michigan Complied Laws. Renny v. Michigan Department of Transportation, 734 N.W.2d 518 (Mich. 2007).
         by Molly I. Harris

    Consitutional Law – Access to Public Libraries
    The Michigan Constitution Mandates Book-Borrowing Privileges to Only City Residents and Contracting Cities’ Residents. Goldstone v. Bloomfield Township Public Library, 737 N.W.2d 476 (Mich. 2007). 
         by Katherine L. Helmer

    Wrongful Death – Statute of Limitations
    Michigan’s Statute of Limitations for Wrongful Death Actions in Exclusive, Therefore Precluding the Use of the Common Law Discovery Rule.  Trentadue v. Gorton, 738 N.W.2d 664 (Mich. 2007). 
         by Nacole M. Hurlbert

    Federal Civil Procedure – Class Action
    Class Certification to Modify Retiree Healthcare Benefits Met the Requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23 of Fair, Reasonable, and Adequate.  International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America v. General Motors Corporation, 497 F.3d 615 (6th Cir. 2007).
         by Alicia A. Mazurek

    Statutory Interpretation – Abortion Procedures 
    A Statute that Prohibits the Dilation and Evacuation Abortion Procedure is an Unconstitutional Undue Burden on a Woman’s Right to Terminate Her Pregnancy.  Northland Family Planning Clinic, Inc. v. Cox, 487 F.3d 323 (6th Cir. 2007).
         by Ingrid A. Minott

    Professional Responsibility – Ineffective Assistance of Counsel
    Strickland v. Washington 
    Provides the Appropriate Standard to be Applied when Determining Whether a Claim of Ineffective Assistance of Counsel is Grounds for Barring a Defendant’s Confession.  People v. Frazier733 N.W.2d 713 (Mich. 2007). 
         by Warren J. White

    Civil Forfeiture – Exclusionary Rule 
    Broadening the Use of Illegally Seized Evidence in Forfeiture Proceedings.  In re Forfeiture of $180,975, 734 N.W.2d 489 (Mich. 2007). 
         by Dawn Yeaton

    Volume 86 Issue 2

    — Winter 2009 —


    The Kelo Revolution 
         by Shawn Hoting

    The Impact of Derivative Financial Market Expansion on the Central Bank’s Monetary Policy: An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure 
         by Jongho Kim Ph.D

    The Price of Advice
         by Mary-Hunter Morris

    Using Feedback Theory to Help Novice Legal Writers Develop Expertise
         by Sheila Rodriguez


    Michigan’s Workplace Enforcement Law: Encroachment on Traditional Federal Power or Effective Socioeconomic Policy?
         by Christopher J. Lenhardt

    The Attorney-Client Relationship: Exploring the Unintended Consequences of Inadvertent Formation 
         by Ingrid A. Minott

    Does the Michigan Supreme Court Need a Midnight Visit from the Ghost of Chief Justice William Howard Taft?
         by Dawn Yeaton


    Judicial Restraint or Activism? The Transformation of the Doctrine of Standing in Michigan
         by Sharon M. Barnes

    Volume 86 Issue 3

    — Spring 2009 —


    Market Dynamics in Corporate Tort Externalization: The Hidden Assumption of Corporate Social Efficiency
         by James M. Binnall

    The Defense Base Act: An Outdated Law and its Current Implications 
         by Greta S. Milligan

    Misconception of the Will as Linguistic Behavior and Misperception of the Testator’s Intention: The Class Gift Doctrine 
         by Frederic S. Schwartz


    Direct Government Grants to Churches for Façade Improvements: The Fall of the Wall of Separation 
         by Danielle Asaad

    Prosecutor v. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo: The International Criminal Court as it Brings its First Case to Trial 
         by Alicia Mazurek

    A Second Chance: Michigan’s Progressive Shift in Social Policy to Rehabilitate its Mentally Ill and Juvenile Defendants
         by Corey J. Sacca


    Voter Identification Laws: The Past, the Present, and the Unpredictable Future
         by Sara N. D’Agostini

    Volume 86 Issue 4

    — Summer 2009 —

    McElroy Lecture

    Immigration, the Rule of Law, and the Common Good 
         by Cardinal Roger Mahony


    Herbert Butterfield, Christianity, and International Law
         by Robert J. Delahunty

    The Holy See’s Worldwide Role and International Human Rights: Solely Symbolic? 
         by Chad Marzen

    Religious Groups in a Free Society 
         by Kevin Pybas

    Religion Undefined: Competing Frameworks for Understanding “Religion” in the Establishment Clause 
         by Lael Daniel Weinberger


    Volume 85

    Volume 85 Issue 1

    — Fall 2007—

    Symposium: Corporate Corruption

    Recent Developments in Combating the Bribery of Foreign Public Officials: A Cause for Optimism? 
         by John Hatchard

    A Primer on Advancement of Defense costs: The Rights and Duties of Officers and Corporations 
         by Richard A. Rossman, Matthew J. Lund & Kathy K. Lochmann

    Case Digests

    American-Indian Law – Taxation
    Michigan General Property Tax Act is Not Valid Against Indian Reservation Land Allotted Under the 1854 Treaty Because Congress Did Not Expressly Authorize It. Keweenaw Bay Indian Community v. Naftaly, 452 F.3d 514 (6th Cir. 2006). 
         by Meredith Mullins

    Constitutional Law – Inmate’s Constitutional Rights
    Qualified Immunity Is Denied Where Inmate’s Rights Were Clearly Established at the Time of Violation.  Clark-Murphy v. Foreback, 439 F.3d 280 (6th Cir. 2006). 
         by Ellen Lee

    Criminal Law – Accomplice Liability
    A Defendant Who Intends to Aid, Abet, Counsel, or Procure the Commission of a Crime, Is Liable for That Crime as Well as the Natural and Probable Consequences of That Crime.  People v. Robinson, 715 N.W.2d 44 (Mich. 2006). 
         by Sean Wilkins

    Criminal Procedure – The Requirement That A Detainee Be Brought to Trial Within 180 Days After Notice Is Sent to the Prosecuting Attorney Except When the Pending Criminal Charge Provides for Mandatory Consecutive Sentencing is Not Limited as Such Any Longer; The Rule Applies to Any Pending Charge Against Any Detainee.  People v. Williams, 716 N.W.2d 208 (Mich. 2006). 
         by Loukas P. Kalliantasis

    Family Law – Parental Rights 
    To Bring a Claim Under the Michigan Paternity Act, If the Mother Was Married at the Time of Conception, the Father Must Prove that the Child Was Born Out of Wedlock by Overcoming the Presumption that the Child Was an  Issue of the Marriage by Clear and Convincing Evidence.  Barnes v. Jeudevine, 718 N.W.2d 311 (Mich. 2006).  
         by Jessicaq Dopierala

    Health Law – Peer Review Immunity
    The Peer Review Statute Does Not Bar Judicial Review of a Private Hospital’s Staffing Decisions and the Doctrine of Judicial Nonintervention Is Abolished.  Feyz v. Mercy Memorial Hospital, 719 N.W.2d 1 (Mich. 2006). 
         by Farrah Arif

    Tort Law – Governmental Immunity
    The Shoulder Portion of a Highway Is Not Within the Scope of the Highway Exception, Shielding the Government from Tort Liability.  Grimes v. Michigan Department of Transportation, 715 N.W.2d 275 (Mich. 2006).
         by Katherine Fortune

    Tort Law – Dram Shop Act Statutory Presumption of Nonliability
    The Standard for Rebutting the Statutory Presumption of Nonliability for All But the Last Establishment, Is Clear and Convincing Evidence of Visible Intoxication Requires Eye Witness Testimony.  Reed v. Breton, 718 N.W.2d 770 (Mich. 2006). 
         by Stephen L. Grajewski 

    Tort Law – Products Liability
    A Manufacturer’s or Seller’s Duty to Warn of Product Risks Extends Only to Material Risks Not Obvious to a Reasonably Prudent Product User.  Greene v. A.P. Products, 717 N.W.2d 855 (Mich. 2006).
         by Ziyad I. Hermiz

    Tort Law – Agency Liability 
    A Michigan Employer Will Not Be Subject to Vicarious Liability Based on the Principles of Agency if its Employee Was Acting Outside the Scope of Employment.  Szigo v. Hurley Medical Center, 716 N.W.2d 220 (Mich. 2006).
         by Aaron J. Williams

    Volume 85 Issue 2

    — Winter 2008 —


    Race and the American Criminal Justice System: Three Arguments About Criminal Law, Social Science, and Criminal Procedure 
         by Harvey Gee

    Detention for the Purpose of Interrogation as Modern “Torture”
         by Rinat Kitai-Sangero

    The Confrontation Clause After Crawford v. Washington: Clarifying the Meaning of Testimonial Statements in Criminal Trials 
         by Thomas J. Walsh


    Medical Miracle or Unnecessary Exercise? The Legal Implications of Mandatory Childhood Vaccination for HPV
         by Katherine A. Fortune

    Stemming the Tide of Research and Constitutional Challenges: Embryonic Stem Cell Legislation
         by Meredith Mullins

    Inoperable Yet Harmful: How the Michigan Supreme Court Decision of People v. Peals Removed the Operability Requirement from the Definition of a Firearm Against the Intent of the Legislature 
         by Dalit Oren


    The Veiled Truth: Can the Credibility of Testimony Given by a Niqab-Wearing Witness be Judged Without the Assistance of Facial Expressions?
         by Aaron J. Williams

    Volume 85 Issue 3

    — Spring 2008 —


    The Elephant in Law School Classrooms: Overuse of the Socratic Method as an Obstacles to Teaching Modern Law Students 
         by Benjamin V. Madison III

    Local Governance and Pandemics: Lessons from the 1918 Flu 
         by Jason Marisam

    Bidding for Justice: A Case Study about the Effect of Campaign Contributions on Judicial Decision-Making
         by Aman McLeod


    Too Far or Not Far Enough?: Michigan Supreme Court Administrative Order 2006-6 and Its Impact on Asbestos Litigation in Michigan  
         by Matthew L. Cooper

    Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice: Why are Students Falling Off the Bridge and What are Law Schools Doing to Catch Them?
         by Jessica Dopierala

    A Prescription for Trouble: A Look at Why Michigan Can’t Afford to Pierce the Pharmaceutical Veil 
         by Ziyad I. Hermiz

    Volume 85 Issue 4

    — Summer 2008 —

    McElroy Lecture

    No Law Respecting the Practice of Religion
         by Leslie C. Griffin


    The Jurisprudence of Love
         by Barbara L. Atwell

    Defending Liberty and Defeating Tyrants: The Reemergence of Federal Theology in the Rhetoric of the Bush Doctrine
         by Bradley Aron Cooper

    Towards a Modern Definition of Religion
         by Karen Sandrik

    Baranowski v. Hart: Limitations on Jailhouse Religion Despite the Free Exercise Clause and RLUIPA
         by Ian J. Silverbrand


    Volume 84

    Volume 84 Issue 1

    — Fall 2006 —

    Case Digests

    Constitutional Law – Due Process 
    Federal Prosecution Following a Defendant’s Rejection of a State Plea Offer Does Not Violate Due Process or Constitute Vindictive Prosecution.  United States v. Gray, 382 F.Supp 2d 898 (E.D. Mich. 2005). 
         by Melodee Henderson

    Constitutional Law – First Amendment 
    City’s Demonstration Ordinance Is Unconstitutional because (1) Thirty-Day Notice Provision Is Not Narrowly Tailored, (2) Application to “Small Group Speech” Is Overboard and Not Narrowly Tailored, and (3) Strict Liability Unconstitutionally Infringes on Protected First Amendment Activity.  American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee v. City of Dearborn, 418 F.3d 600 (6th Cir. 2005).
         by Jonathan Burleigh 

    Constitutional Law – Searches and Seizures
    Without Individualized Suspicion, a Strip Search of a Student Violated the Fourth Amendment.  However, When the Law Does Not Clearly Establish the Unconstitutionality of the Search, the Search Official Is Entitled to Qualified Immunity.  Beard v. Whitmore Lake School District, 402 F.3d 598 (6th Cir. 2005). 
         by Dominic Paluzzi

    Criminal Procedure – Searches and Seizures 
    The Defendant Has No Reasonable Expectation of of Privacy in Regard to an Enclosed Porch.  Statements made During a Custodial Interrogation Are Inadmissible Unless the Defendant Voluntarily, Knowingly, and Intelligently Waived His Fifth Amendment Right Against Self-Incrimination.  People v. Tierney, 703 N.W.2d 204 (Mich. Ct. App. 2005).
         by Michael A. Chichester, Jr. 

    Insurance Law – Contribution 
    Michigan Tort Reform’s Adoption of Several Liability Does Not Preclude an Insurer from Bringing an Action for Statutory Contribution Against Purported Joint Tortfeasors After Settling with the Injured Party.  Gerling Konzern Allgemeine v. Lawson, 693 N.W.2d 149 (Mich. 2005).
         by Kenneth H. Hemler

    Intellectual Property Law – Copyright Infringement
    Any Digital Sample of Music Taken from a Sound Recording Is Prohibited Under the Federal Copyright Statute, 17 U.S.C. § 114.  Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films, 410 F.3d 792 (6th Cir 2005).
         by Nicole Stafford

    Labor and Employment Law – Disability Benefits
    Pursuant to ERISA, the Fact that a Long-Term Disability Insurance Plan Participant Might be Capable of Sedentary Work Does Not Mean He Is Not Disabled.  Kalish v. Liberty Mutual/Liberty Assurance Co. of Boston, 419 F.3d 501 (6th Cir. 2005). 
         by Natalia Kujan Gentry

    Medical Malpractice – Requirements for Out-of State Affidavits of Merit
    Signatures on Out-of-State Affidavits of Merit Must Be Certified by Clerk of court from Which Affidavit Issues.  Aspey v. Memorial Hospital, 702 N.W.2d 870 (Mich. Ct. App. 2005). 
         by Erin M. Badovinac

    Property Law – Eminent Domain 
    A Proposed Road that Will Mainly Be Used by a Private Party Is a Public Use Because the Public Retains the Right to Travel the Road Which is Controlled by the Public Entity.  City of Novi v. Robert Adell Children’s Funded Trust, 701 N.W.2d 144 (Mich. 2005). 

         by David Kowalski 

    Tort Law – Negligence 
    There Is No Cause of Action for Medical Monitoring, Based on Negligence, Absent a Present Physical Injury.  Henry v. Dow Chemical Co., 701 N.W.2d 684 (Mich. 2005). 
         by Francine Nesti

    Tort Law – Settlement Agreements
    With “Mary Carter-Style” Agreements, Fairness Served by Disclosure to the Jury Must be Weighed Against the Countervailing Interests of Encouraging Settlements.  Hashem v. Les Stanford Oldsmobile, Inc., 697 N.W.2d 558 (Mich. Ct. App. 2005). 
         by Jessica McGrath

    Workers Compensation – Specific Loss Benefits 
    The Michigan Supreme Court Gives Its Citizens a Hand; for Specific Loss Benefits, a Limb Only Needs to Lose Its Usefulness.  Cain v. Waste Management, Inc., 697 N.W.2d 130 (Mich. 2005).
         by Ryan D. Streefkerk

    Volume 84 Issue 2

    — Winter 2007 —


    Immigration Control: A Catholic Dilemma?
         by March Carter Stith

    Precedent and Procedural Due Process: Policymaking in the Federal Courts 
         by Sarah A. Maguire


    The Twenty-first Amendment Accommodates the Dormant Commerce Clause: Did the Supreme Court Awaken a Sleeping Giant with Its Decision in Granholm v. Heald? 
         by Michael A. Chichester, Jr.

    Michigan’s Proposed Constitutional Amendment in Response to Kelo: Adequate Protection Against Eminent Domain Abuse or False Hope to Private Property Owners?
         by Kenneth H. Hemler

    Publicity Rights in Michigan: A Set of Considerations for Moving Right of Publicity Legislation to the Front of the Bus 
         by Melodee Henderson

    Exempting the Protection Out of Michigan’s Consumer Protection Act: A Call for Returning Consumer Protection to the Act 
         by Scott Thomas O’Neal

    Volume 84 Issue 3

    — Spring 2007 —


    The Centrality of Information in Legal Opt-Out
         by Chiawen C. Kiew

    Recharacterizing Separate Property at Divorce 
         by Elijah L. Milne


    Red State, Blue State, No State?: Examining the Existence of a Congressional Power to Remove a State 
         by David Kowalski

    Michigan’s Sex Offender Registration Act: Does it Make Communities Safer? The Implications of the Inclusion of a Broad Range of Offenders, a Review of Statutory Amendments and Thoughts on Future Changes 
         by Kari Melkonian

    Grandma Gets Devoured All Over Again and This Time the Huntsmen Is Not Around to Save Her:  An Analysis of Michigan’s Grandparent Visitation Statute and a Comparison with Statutes of Other Jurisdiction 
         by Stephanie O’Connor

    The Ninth Amendment and America’s Unconstitutional War on Drugs 
         by Kevin S. Toll

    Volume 84 Issue 4

    — Summer 2007 —


    Ma, Ma, Where’s My Pa? On Your Jury, Ha, Ha, Ha!  A Constitutional Analysis of Implied Bias Challenges for Cause
         by William P. Barnette

    The Supreme Court and the Future of Marriage 
         by Stephen L. Mikochick


    Don’t Fence Me Out: What Are the Rights and Responsibilities of the Public and Riparian Landowners After Glass v. Goeckel 
         by Jonathan Burleigh


    Coping with the Specter of Urban Malaise in a Postmodern Landscape: The Need for a Detroit Land Bank Authority 
         by Thomas Gunton

    The Federal Circuit: During Its Quarter-Century Existence, It Has Increasingly Positioned Itself as the Last Word in Patent Litigation, at the Expense of Uniformity, Predicability and Cost.  Will the “Super Juror” Learn from Its Mistakes? 
         by Francine Nesti

    Lose the Distinction: Internet Bloggers and First Amendment Protection of Libel Defendants – Citizen Journalism and the Supreme Court’s Murky Jurisprudence Blur the Line Between Media and Non-Media Speakers 
         by Nicole A. Stafford

    Volume 84 Issue 5

    — Summer 2007 —

    McElroy Lecture

    Law, Islam, and the Future of the Middle East 
         by Noah Feldman


    Change and Authority in Islamic Law: The Islamic Law of Inheritance in Modern Muslim States 
         by Yasir Billoo

    Sexual Morality: An Analysis of Dominance Feminism, Christian Theology, and the First Amendment 
         by Jeffrey M. Bryan

    The Influence of Catholicism, Islam and Judaism on the Assisted Reproductive Technologies (“ART”) Bioethical and Legal Debate: A Comparative Survey of ART in Italy, Egypt and Israel 
         by Mary Rodgers Bundren

    Qatar: The Pearl of the Middle East and Its Role in the Advancement of Women’s Rights
    by Michael B. Dye

    The French Headscarf Law and the Right to Manifest Religious Belief 
         by Mukul Saxena


    Volume 83

    Volume 83 Issue 1

    — Fall 2005 —


    Civil Rights – Reverse Discrimination
    A Plaintiff Claiming
     Reverse Discrimination Need No Longer Prove The Defendant Is That Unusual Employer Who Discriminates Against the Majority.  Lind v. City of Battle Creek, 681 N.W.2d 334 (Mich. 2004).
         by Carrie Lewand

    Employment Law – Sexual Harassment
    Where the Excessiveness of a Verdict is the Product of Counsel’s Calculated Efforts to Divert the Jury from its Fact-Finding Role, a New Trial is Necessary.  Gilbert v. DaimlerChrysler Corp., 685 N.W.2d 391 (Mich. 2004). 
         by Lindsay Adams

    Evidence – Testimonial Evidence for Criminal Appellate Review 
    A Defendant Must Testify in Order to Preserve a Challenge to a Trial Court’s Ruling In Limine Allowing Evidence That a Defendant Exercised His Miranda Right to Remain Silent.  People v. Boyd, 682 N.W.2d 459 (Mich. 2004). 
         by Jason A. Ritter

    Freedom of Information Act – Public Body
    The MHSAA is Not a “Public Body” as Defined by Section 15.232(d) of Michigan Complied Laws and Therefore is Not Subject to the Freedom of Information Act’s Disclosure Requirements.  Breighner v. Michigan High School Athletic Ass’n, Inc., 683 N.W.2d 639 (Mich. 2004). 
         by Bradley T. French

    Insurance Law – Criminal-Acts Exclusion 
    The Test for Applicability of the Criminal-Acts Exclusion Includes an Objective Inquiry Using a Reasonable Person Standard to Determine if the Injuries Were a Reasonably Expected Result of the Insured’s Act.  Allstate Insurance Co. v.McCarn, 683 N.W.2d 656 (Mich. 2004).
         by Hilary A. Dullinger

    Property Law – Eminent Domain
    Allows for the Transfer of Condemned Property to a Private Entity when the Public Retains a Measure of Control Over the Property.  County of Wayne v. Hathcock, 684 N.W.2d 765 (Mich. 2004). 
         by Katherine D. Trever

    Tort Law – Liability of Landowners 
    Immunity For Landowners Is Expanded Under A Reinterpretation of Michigan’s Recreational Land Use Act.  Neal v. Wilks, 685 N.W.2d 648 (Mich. 2004).
         by John T. Schuring

    Tort Law – Medical Malpractice 
    The Medical Malpractice Noneconomic Damages Cap Applies to a Wrongful Death Action Where the Underlying Claim is Medical Malpractice.  Jenkins v. Patel, 684 N.W.2d 346 (Mich. 2004).
         by Jason Dandy

    Tort Law – Products Liability 
    Under Michigan Law, the Fact That a Product Is a “Simple Tool” Does Not Shield the Manufacturer From Liability Under a Defective Design Theory.  Swix v. Daisy Manufacturing Co., Inc., 373 F.3d 678 (6th Cir. 2004).
         by Nicholas A. Kurk

    Volume 83 Issue 2

    — Winter 2006 —


    When Abortion Was A Crime: A Historical Perspective 
         by Charles I. Lugosi

    Too Many Riches? Dukes v. Wal-Mart and the Efficacy of Monolithic Class Actions
         by Rachel Tallon Pickens


    Defining Constitutional Discrimination: An Analysis of Michigan’s Constitutional Amendment to Define Marriage 
         by Carrie Lewand


    The Fated Legal Birth Definition Act: Fought for the Sake of Fighting 
    by Erin Heller

    Redefining “Statutory Maximum”: The Demise of Michigan’s Presumptive Indeterminate Sentencing Guidelines at the Hands of Blakely v. Washington 
         by Christopher M. Thompson

    Volume 83 Issue 3

    — Spring 2006 —


    Cross-Burning, Holocaust Denial, and the Development of Hate Speech Law in the United States and Germany 
         by Robert A. Kahn

    The Orthodoxy Opening Predicament: The Crumbling Wall of Separation Between Church and State
         by Amit Patel


    Muddying the Waters: The Effects of the Cleveland Cliffs Decision and the Future of the MEPA Citizen Suit
         by Susan J. Mahoney


    Charter Schools: Are For-Profit Companies Contracting for State Actor Status?
         by Bradley T. French

    Comparative and Non-Comparative Forensic Linguistic Analysis Techniques: Methodologies for Negotiating the Interface of Linguistics and Evidentiary Jurisprudence in the American Judiciary
         by Blake Stephen Howald

    Detroit’s Renaissance Zones: The Economics of Tax Incentives in Metropolitan Location Decisions, the Results of the Zones to Date, and Thoughts on the Future
         by John T. Schuring

    Volume 83 Issue 4

    — Summer 2006 —


    Forum Non Conveniens: Another Look at Conditional Dismissals
         by Julius Jurianto

    Opening the Door: A Proposal for Increased Educational Choice in Detroit 
         by Jason C. Seewer


    The Good Faith Exception: “What is it Good For?” The Michigan Supreme Court Overturns Twenty Years of Precedent Holding it Was Worth “Absolutely Nothing!”
         by Aminie Woolworth


    The Cart Before the Horse: Michigan Jumps the Gun in Jailing Deadbeat Dads
         by Jennifer Goulah

    On Whose Conscience? Patient Rights Disappear Under Broad Protective Measures Conscientious Objectors in Heath Care 
         by Patricia L. Selby

    Derivative Asylum Claims in the FGM Context: Protecting Family Unity and Women’s Rights in the New Millennium
         by Molly Stark

    Volume 83 Issue 5

    — Summer 2006—

    - Symposium: Law and Religion - 

    McElroy Lecture

    Celebrating God, Constitutionality 
         by Cass R. Sustain


    Religious Skepticism, Cambridge Platonism and Disestablishment 
         by Deniz Coskun

    Firth Amongst Equals: The English State and the Anglican Church in the 21st Century?
         by Peter Cumper & Peter Edge

    Nationalism, Patriotism and Religious Belief in Europe
         by Silvio Ferrari

    The Rejection of Devine Law in American Jurisprudence: The Ten Commandments, Trivia, and the Stars and Stripes 
         by Charles I. Lugosi

    Religious Education in Israel 
         by Asher Maoz

    The Position of the Holy See and Vatican City State in International Relations 
         by Kurt Martens

    Aiming for State Neutrality in Matters of Religion: The Hungarian Record
         by Renáta Uitz

    The Possibilities of American Constitutional Law in a Fractured World: A Relational Approach to Legal Hermeneutics
         by Howard J. Vogel

    - Colloquium: Religion and Immigration - 

    Strangers No Longer: Immigration Law and Policy in the Light of Religious Values 
         by Amelia J. Uelmen

    Immigration and Evil: The Religious Challenge
         by Michael Scaperlanda

    Emigration, Obligation, and Evil: A Response to Michael Scaperlanda’s Keynote Address
         by Stephen H. Legomsky

    Hospitality: How a Biblical Virtue Could Transform United States Immigration Policy
         by Elizabeth McCormick & Patrick McCormick

    Entertaining Angels Con Pasión 
         by Marta Vides Saade

    The Religious Imagination, Empathy, and Hearing the “Other”: Judge John T. Noonan, Jr. and Immigration 
         by Kathryn A. Lee

    Lobbying by Jewish Organizations Concerning Immigration: A Historical Study 
         by Michael J. Churgin